NASA’s Cassini Aircraft gives hope for the Life on Saturn’s moon ‘Titan.’

nasa’s cassini aircraft gives hope for the life on saturn’s moon ‘titan.’

Titan is the moon of Saturn planet. The data collected by NASA’s mission Cassini throws light on the possibility of life on Titan. The mission started on 15th October 1997 and ended a few years back. Data collected by radar and infrared along with this mission found, more immense plains and dunes of raw organic material, ponds of liquid methane. The mapping of Titan concerning the data explores a new vision of it. Material availability and some physical dimensions of the Titan gives an illusion.

Research has found Titan as the second-largest moon in the solar system, followed by Jupiter’s Ganymede. It measures 5,150 km in diameter. The possibility of life depends upon organic materials, as carbon-based compounds found under the icy crust of Titan. The geologist of NASA’s Jet Propulsion laboratory states that penetrating down to liquid water ocean provides the necessary nutrients of life. Rainfall occurs on Titan, lesser at equatorial and more at poles. More than half of the entire surface and some dunes are formed up of frozen bits of methane. The methane and ethane are in the form of liquid because of the frigid climate as the earth contain these hydrocarbons in the form of gas.

Titan can boast stable liquids on its surface like the earth. Mountains and hills contain crust of water ice. These have 14 % of distribution on its surface. But Titan has an absence of Co2 gas. There are some possibilities for Titan to sustain the availability of water and hydrocarbons because of rising in the temperature of the sun. The decrease in the sun’s ultraviolet results in creating a haze on its surface, which can create an anti-greenhouse effect on it. This can create a sustainable condition in the environment and able to sustain for millions of years.

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